The first evidence of deforestation appears in the mesolithic period. Yet the effects of deforestation reach much farther. While we are just now realizing the harmful effects that deforestation is having, the destruction of the forests has been going on since the dawn of man. Mainly due to the expansion of the human population. Since humans started cutting down forests, 46 percent of trees have been felled, according to a 2015 study in the journal Nature. They offer a home to plant and animal species while also providing natural resources such as medicine, food, timber, and fuel. Forests are vital to our Earth. Extinction of Biodiversity. With everything that is happening, the Earth is threatened. Apart from these, deforestation also affects biodiversity and the natural processes in the ecosystem. 300 million people live in forests worldwide.

Thus the effects from past emissions are not entirely apparent today. Trees purify our air, filter our water, prevent erosion, and act as a buffer against climate change. Since then, evidence has accumulated through periods in history. Humans have gradually lost the forests that are very essential for our existence. Impact of Deforestation. Lungs of the Earth. Exploring the impact of deforestation and forest degradation on humans, wildlife, and ecological systems. 60 million of those humans are indigenous who are completely dependent on native woods.