You should also center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page. Check out our other citation guides on MLA 8 and Harvard referencing. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. It is acceptable to cite sources in the abstract of an APA formatted research paper, but it should be limited as the abstract is a summary of the key points of the research paper. You have all of your content in place, so picking your main points and summarizing them is much easier. For example, Search our Knowledgebase. The formatting of the abstract page is the same as the rest of an APA style paper: double-spaced, Times New Roman 12pt font, one-inch margins, and a running head at the top of the page.
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. You wouldn't have to cite the references every time you repeat the concept. Even though the abstract comes after the cover page in APA format, you usually compose it after your paper is complete. Having too many citations in the abstract is something to be generally avoided. APA Abstract Page. Title page for a student paper in APA 7 style. Toggle menu visibility. Begin your abstract on a new page and place your running head and page number 2 in the top right-hand corner.
Should abstract contain any ... please don't include references or citations in your abstract. Depending on the number of authors a source has, an APA in-text citation is shortened by using “et al.” (meaning “and others”) after the first author’s name.. Sources with 3–5 authors are written in full the first time and shortened from the second citation … Yes, if the information would require a cite anywhere else in the paper, cite it in the abstract. Suggestions for Writing an Abstract in APA Format. 1. Consult your instructor or editor if you are concerned that you may have too much quoted material in your paper. Most technical, scholarly, professional, and specialty journals will have a style sheet that addresses the issue. 1 Exact word counts can vary from journal to journal. As long as you cite those references next to the appropriate concepts in the body of the article, you won't be considered plagiarising content. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: (italicized), and then list your keywords.
According to the APA style manual, an abstract should be between 150 to 250 words. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Keep it short. Instructors, programs, editors, and publishers may establish limits on the use of direct quotations. How do you cite an abstract APA style? when you want to respond to exact wording (e.g., something someone said). Let your introduction and your thesis statement, or topic sentence, as well as other headings and sub-headings and your conclusion guide … APA Referencing Basics: Reference List. When should I use “et al.” in APA in-text citations? Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. i believe you will be in a safer side never to include no matter the type of journal. Table of contents. APA Format Citation Guide. This is a complete guide to APA (American Psychological Association) in-text and reference list citations. Abstracts are short summaries of longer articles. It is not entirely unreasonable to include a citation in an abstract, if the reason you are citing it is because your paper is a major extension, rebuttal, or counterpoint to the cited article. This easy-to-use, comprehensive guide makes citing any source easy. APA format abstract example. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). Write the abstract after you have finished your paper, and place it on a separate page after the title page. Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. In that case, however, you do have the responsibility of providing the reference within the body of the abstract. Core Components of an APA Reference: Back to top. Search. Although the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) states that it is preferable to use full-text sources as references, it does provide style guidelines for the citation of abstracts as sources. APA citation basics. Browse: All; Topics . One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.