Emile Durkheim, French social scientist who developed a vigorous methodology combining empirical research with sociological theory. Durkheim relates the teacher/pupil relationship as not dissimilar to the relationship between a hypnotist and the person hypnotized (‘Education, its nature and role’, in: Education et sociologie, p. 64).

Emile is credited for the addition of sociology in the official curriculum of the French education system.

Thus, as time unfolds, educational systems come to contain the imprint of past stages in the development of society, as each epoch leaves its imprint on …

After setting up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux, he became France’s first professor of sociology. Functionalist sociologist Emile Durkheim saw Education as performing two major functions in advanced industrial societies – transmitting the shared values of society and simultaneously teaching the specialised skills for an economy based on a specialised division of labour. In Emile Durkheim's view, educational systems reflect underlying changes in society because the systems are a construct built by society, which naturally seeks to reproduce its collectively held values, beliefs, norms, and conditions through its institutions. While the family passes on particular norms and values, secondary socialisation passes on universal norms …

Durkheim argues the education system provides what he terms secondary socialisation as opposed to the primary socialisation which is delivered by the family. David Émile Durkheim (1858–1917), a French sociologist that formally established the academic discipline of sociology with his work Rules of the Sociological Method (1895). Learn more about Durkheim’s life, work, and legacy. From 1887-1902, Durkheim devoted his time to educate the masses in the various benefits of social science, and placed emphasis on the how the discipline of sociology provides understanding and insight into the trivial matters of human behavior dealt in psychology, philosophy, history and law.

In this he emphasizes the double edged nature of the relationship and the potential dangers. He is widely regarded as the founder of the French school of sociology.